Glossary of the more commonly used words
associated with the Internet and Domain Names
Contact Record - Contact ID
Contact Records or Contact IDs (sometimes called Agents) are individuals or groups who represent a registrant on matters related to the registrant's domain name(s). There are three types of Contacts: Administrative, Technical, and Billing. The entity listed as the Administrative, Technical, or Billing Contact is an individual or 'role' that is contacted in matters relating to the domain name. They also have the ability to Modify information pertaining to a domain name. A Contact may be a single person, a company, or organization.
DNS stands for Domain Name System. This System translates a domain name such as rshweb.com into the Internet Protocol (IP) numbers (184.108.40.206) to find the correct web site - in this case the site for Domain Bank. The network of computers that constitute the Internet map domain names to their corresponding IP numbers. The data is then made available to all computers and users on the Inte
A domain name is the core of your company's online identity. It is the address your customers will use to find information about your products and services on the web. Your domain name is yours entirely because once registered, no other party may use that identity online in that Top Level Domain. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots. The part on the left is the most specific, and the part on the right is the most general. A domain name can simply be thought of as your Internet address. The Internet uses Internet Protocol (IP) numbers to locate other computers. Internet users would typically have a hard time remembering these long strings of numbers to find sites. Domain names were developed to allow users to name these (IP) addresses with easy to remember names or phrases
Registries require the use of name servers or hosts for every domain registered. In other words, every domain name has to be linked to a name server for it to be valid. Some people do not have they own name servers, therefore RSH Web Services offers 'domain parking' (name parking) on its servers. It is a convenient way to hold or 'park' domain name(s) for an extended amount of time.
This term can be used to refer to the housing of a web site, email or a domain. See Email hosting and Web Site hosting for more detail
Or commonly confused as Network Solutions did hold an exclusive contract with the U.S. government to assign domain names for .COM, .NET and .ORG. The contract expired September 30, 2000
The numeric identification number that refers to a specific machine on the Internet. Example: 220.127.116.11 which would take you to http://web-hosting.com See IP numbers.
ISP stands for Internet Service Provider. An ISP provides access to the Internet for others via some connectivity service(s). This might be in the form of dial up services, web hosting services or the combination of both
Modify is a function where contact information or DNS information can be updated to reflect new changes pertaining to a domain name. Administrative and Technical Contacts have the ability to modify domain name information.
A computer that performs the mapping of domain names to IP addresses. Sometimes referred to as a host server.
Name Service (Primary or Secondary)
The domain name-to-Internet Protocol (IP) number resolution is known as Name Service. Many Internet Service Providers (ISPs) operate name servers and provide their customers with name service when they register a domain name.
A NIC Handle is a unique identifier, which can be up to 10 alpha-numeric characters, assigned to each domain name record, contact record, and network record. These NIC numbers as used by Network Solutions.
The designation of "primary" means that this name server will be used first and will be relied upon before any of the other name servers that may be listed on the Domain Name Registration Agreement. The primary server section of the Agreement is a required section and the domain name registration will not be processed unless this section of the Domain Name Registration Agreement is completed properly.
The organization responsible for the actual administration and maintenance to a top-level domain is known as the registry. The registry is where registrants or registrars go for new or modify domain name request
Most TLD registries require initial registration fees as well as annual or bi-annual renewal fees. Prices vary from cost-free to thousands of dollars per domain depending on the TLD chosen.
Registration for most domain names needs to be renewed based on some scheduled yearly interval. This gives the registrant (you) and the registry (the administrator of the Top Level Domain) an opportunity to update contact information and name registration. This usually includes payment of the registration fee(s)
The designation of "secondary" indicates that the name server will be used in addition to and as a backup for the primary name server that is listed on the Domain Name Registration Agreement
Second Level Domain
In the Domain Name System (DNS), the next highest level of the hierarchy underneath the Top Level Domains. Our domain name - rshweb - for example is part of the Internet address for RSH Web Services. The rshweb part is the second level domain. Second level domain names are what you register by or on behalf of registrants (or owners) in a Top Level Domain registry
Top Level Domain (TLD)
In the Domain Name System (DNS), the highest level of the hierarchy above second level domains. The .com .net .info .org is the top level domain. Second level domain names are what you register by or on behalf of registrants (or name holders) in a Top Level Domain registry. There are two types of Top Level Domains. The most common type is Generic or gTLDs, such as .COM, .NET, .INFO .ORG. The other type of TLD is the .cc TLD (country code top level domains) which are assigned to all countries and their dependencies. Every TLD registry - generic or country code - has its own prices, policies, and procedures that registrants (name holders) in that registry are subject to. It is important to know and be prepared to accept these before registering name(s) in a particular registry.
Transfer (Domain Name transfer)
Domain names can be sold to another organization or sometimes the name of a company might change. Most registries require a process by which permission from the old owner to hand over control to the new owner is authorized. The procedure for change of ownership is known a Transfer. Policies and procedures on domain name transfer can vary from registry to registry.
The server where your web site's html files, graphics, etc. reside is known as the web host.
Whois is a term referring to a domain name search or look-up feature for a database - typically for Top-Level Domain name registries. Information such as name availability can be found through a query or search using a whois protocol (standard). Most Top-Level Domain registries maintain their own whois database containing domain name contact information.
The group of files that reside on the domain host or name server. The zone file designates a domain, its sub-domains, and mail server.