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What is FTP

FTP is an acronym that stands for File Transfer Protocol. This is a program that allows you to transfer files from one computer to another

For example if you created your web pages on your computer, either using a text editor or some other web page editor. You will then need to transfer those pages to the your Website. We can accomplish this very easily with a FTP client

What is SFTP

With FTP a secure channel is not provided to transfer the files between the hosts to transfer or copies file from one host to another host or systems. It normally uses port 21 which is a non secure port. It establishes the connection under a standard TCP protocol in which it does not encrypt the data before sending

SFTP Stands for "Secure File Transfer Protocol". This protocol works the same as FTP but provides a Secure channel. SFTP establishes a controlled connection under SSH protocol and it normally uses in port 22. SFTP encrypts data before sending files. It works on a "Transparent FTP Tunneling Method" for transferring of files. SFTP maintains full security of the data by using SSH keys

What is Anonymous FTP

Another method for using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). With "Anonymous FTP" you normally do not need to identify yourself before accessing files. In most cases you enter the word "anonymous" or "ftp" when prompted you for a user name. You can enter anything for the password such as the word “guest”. In many cases, when you access an anonymous FTP site, you won’t even be prompted for any user name and password

Logging in to FTP

You will need an FTP Client and your FTP login credentials (Contact support if you do not have FTP login credentials)

Connecting via FTP

To connect to your website with FTP you will need to input the required information as list below

Profile Name
This is just a reference name for your website

Host Name or Address
The name of the Server you will be connecting to. Usually this will be your Domain Name. But could also be IP numbers

User Name
The username for your FTP account

Password
The FTP password created for you during sign up

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FTP Folders

After you successfully connect to your website via FTP you will see a series directories or folders such as
/home/rshweb/public_html/

The folders you will need to be aware of are within the folder named "/www" or "/public_html"
This is where you will want to upload all your files, images, scripts. Anything that you will want to view through your Browser or by the "Public"

Using Your FTP Client

This is general information for any FTP client. Yours may be slightly different, but all normally need the same info to work properly

Start your FTP client. You will see several different boxes that will need to be filled out

The first is normally the Profile Name. This is simply a label to give to this particular website

Next box is the Host Name or Address. This is normally your Domain Name or IP numbers of your website. If you are not sure ask your Hosting Provider. It will look something like this: [ftp.domain-name.com]

The other information are your User ID and Passwords. These are again normally the same as the user-name and password that you gave when you signed up for the hosting service

You may want to click on the button that saves your password so you will not have to type it every time

Once you have your settings filled out click "Connect" or "OK". You will know this is complete when files from your Website show up on the right side of the screen

You may want to set up the folders on your Web Hosting service exactly the same as you set them up on your computer so you will always remember to send your files to the correct folders

Transferring Files

The left side of the screen are the files on your computer. Find the file that you want to transfer by double-clicking on the folders until you get to your file

The right side of the screen are the files on the Web Hosting server. Go to the folder you want to transfer your files to

You can either double click on the file you are transferring, you can Right-Click - Upload-File, or single click on it and then click on the arrow that points to the right side of the screen. which ever way, you will now have a file on your hosting server

To move a file from the Web Server to your computer do the same thing except click on the arrow that points to the left side of the screen or Right-Click -Download-File

You can also view, rename, delete and move your files around. If you need to create a new folder for your files you can do that too by clicking on MkDir or Right-Click - New-Directory

Most all FTP Clients have a built in Text editor where you can edit your files or web pages by hand

FTP Clients

File Transfer Protocol is necessary when you are trying communicate with a Web Server for the propose of uploading content, images, scripts or any type of file. It is the FTP client software that initiates and maintains the connection to the Web Server. This is one of the most popular ways when building or maintaining a Website. Especially when transferring large files. There are many different FTP clients that you can choose from. Some are free and some are paid versions
Some of the more popular ones are listed below
WinSCP
Commander One for Mac
SmartFTP
CuteFTP
Free FTP by Coffee House
Cyberduck
FireFTP [Firefox extension]
Transmit for Mac
ForkLift For Mac
FileZilla
WS_FTP Professional
Coffeecup
FTP Voyager
Core FTP

cPanel: Uploading files with the "File Transfer Manager" available through cPanel

For a text editor we recommend NotePad++

Using Windows Command Line FTP

By default, FTP Client is available on Windows Computer. You can using FTP Commands on Command Prompt or PowerShell to transfer any data to and from a computer running a File Transfer Protocol Server
See the following URL for more on this subject HowToGeek.com - Connect to FTP Server

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