File transfer protocol is a set of rules that computers follow for the transferring of files from one system to another over the Internet. It may be used by a business to transfer files. Or site developers may use FTP to upload or download files from a Website's Server.
FTP is an acronym that stands for File Transfer Protocol. This is a program that allows you to transfer files from one computer to another. Or for working on websites transferring from your device to a Web Server.
For example, if you created your web pages on your computer, either using a text editor or some other web page editor. You will then need to transfer those pages to your Website. We can accomplish this very easily with an FTP client.
With an FTP program, a secure channel is not provided to transfer the files between the hosts to transfer or copies file from one host to another host or systems. It normally uses port 21 which is a non-secure port. It establishes the connection under a standard TCP protocol, in which it does not encrypt the data before sending.
SFTP Stands for Secure File Transfer Protocol. This protocol works the same as FTP but provides a Secure channel. SFTP establishes a controlled connection under SSH protocol, and it normally uses in port 22. SFTP encrypts data before sending files. It works on a Transparent FTP Tunneling Method for transferring of files. SFTP maintains full security of the data by using SSH keys.
Another method for using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). With anonymous FTP, you normally do not need to identify yourself before accessing files. In most cases, you enter the word anonymous or ftp when prompted you for a username. You can enter anything for the password, such as the word “guest”. In many cases, when you access an anonymous FTP site, you won’t even be prompted for any username and password.
FBI Warns About FTP Server Vulnerability. The warning focused on the file transfer protocol (FTP) and the Anonymous FTP, as it is called, does not require any authentication. A security researcher, Minxomat, after a quick scan found about 800,000 anonymous FTP services were exposed. And even the developers at cPanel Issue Warnings.
You will need an FTP Client and your FTP login credentials (Contact support if you do not have FTP login credentials).
Connecting via FTP
To connect to your website with FTP, you will need to input the required information as list below
This is just a reference name for your website.
Host Name or Address
The name of the Server you will be connecting to. Usually this will be your Domain Name. But could also be IP numbers.
The username for your FTP account
The FTP password created for you during sign up
After you successfully connect to your website via FTP, you will see a series of directories or folders such as
The folders you will need to be aware of are within the folder named /WWW or /public_html
This is where you will want to upload all your files, images, scripts. Anything that you will want to view through your Browser or by the Public.
This is general information for any FTP client. Yours may be slightly different, but all normally need the same info to work properly.
Start your FTP client. You will see several boxes that will need to be filled out.
The first is normally the Profile Name. This is simply a label to give to this particular website.
Next box is the Host Name or Address. This is normally your Domain Name or IP numbers of your website. If you are not sure, ask your Hosting Provider. It will look something like this:
[ftp.domain-name.com] Or just
The other information are your User ID and Passwords. These are again normally the same as the user-name and password that you gave when you signed up for the hosting service.
You may want to click on the button that saves your password, so you will not have to type it every time.
Once you have your settings filled out, click Connect or OK. You will know this is complete when files from your Website show up on the right side of the screen.
You may want to set up the folders on your Web Hosting service exactly the same as you set them up on your computer, so you will always remember to send your files to the correct folders.
The left side of the screen are the files on your computer. Find the file that you want to transfer by double-clicking on the folders until you get to your file.
The right side of the screen are the files on the Web Hosting server. Go to the folder you want to transfer your files to.
You can either double-click on the file you are transferring, you can Right-Click - Upload-File, or single click on it and then click on the arrow that points to the right side of the screen. Which ever way, you will now have a file on your hosting server.
To move a file from the Web Server to your computer, do the same thing except click on the arrow that points to the left side of the screen or Right-Click -Download-File.
You can also view, rename, delete and move your files around. If you need to create a new folder for your files, you can do that too by clicking on MkDir or Right-Click - New-Directory.
Most all FTP Clients have a built-in Text editor where you can edit your files or web pages by hand.
File Transfer Protocol is necessary when you are trying to communicate with a Web Server for the purpose of uploading content, images, scripts or any type of file. It is the FTP client software that initiates and maintains the connection to the Web Server. This is one of the most popular ways when building or maintaining a Website. Especially when transferring large files. There are many FTP clients that you can choose from. Some are free and some are paid versions.
WinSCP A popular free SFTP and FTP client for Windows
Commander One for Mac, A reliable FTP client for Mac OS
SmartFTP FTP, FTPS, SFTP, WebDAV, Amazon S3 more
CuteFTP transfers files between your PC and remote computers
Free FTP by Coffee House drag-and-drop FTP client that's as powerful as it is user-friendly
Cyberduckfor Mac and Windows with support for FTP, SFTP, OpenStack Swift, Microsoft Azure more
FireFTP [Firefox extension] a free, secure, cross-platform FTP/SFTP client for Mozilla Firefox
Transmit for Mac Transmit now connects to 11 new cloud services, like Box, Google Drive, DreamObjects, Dropbox, more
ForkLift For Mac advanced file manager and FTP client for macOS
FileZilla a free open source FTP and FTPS Server
WS_FTP Professional best-in-class security with the highest levels of encryption
Coffeecup drag-and-drop FTP client that's as powerful as it is user-friendly
FTP Voyager most powerful FTP client program for Windows 9x/Me/NT/2000/XP
cPanel: Uploading files with the File Transfer Manager available through cPanel
For a text editor, we recommend NotePad++. RSH Web used NotePad++ for coding all our web pages.
By default an FTP Client is available on Windows computers. You can use FTP commands on the Command Prompt, or PowerShell to transfer any data to and from a computer running a File Transfer Protocol Server
See the following URL for more on this subject, see HowToGeek.com - Connect to FTP Server.
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